Subject Index


1.                                                                 Introduction

2.                                                                 Prison Administration

3.                                                                 Act and Rules

4.                                                                 Staff Strength

5.                                                                 Modrenisation of Prison Administration

6.                                                                 Traning of officers

7.                                                                 Average cost of Expenditure

8.                                                                 Reformative measures

                   9.                          Agriculture & Horticilture

10.                       Open Air Prison

11.                       Education to inmates

12.                       Sports and Cultural Activities

13.                        Wage Earning Scheme

14.                       Canteen facilities

15.                        Premature Release

16.                        Treatment of prisoners and facilities

17.                        Women Prisoners

18.                        Video Conferencing

19.                        Innovations

20.                        Staff Welfare programmes

21.                        Best Practices















Karnataka Prisons

Historical Perspective :-


Prisons in India were set up by the British regime and most of our prisons are more than one hundred years old. During the British days medical officers presided over the prisons and they took good care of the health of prisoners.  The Indian Jails Committee of 1919 had made very progressive recommendations which unfortunately were never carried out.

During the struggle for independence, most of our national leaders went through repeated periods of incarceration.   Prison became a part of our saga of struggle for national independence. 

A beginning of jail reforms was made in the States with the installation of popular governments in 1937 when political leaders with first-hand experience of prison applied their minds to removing some of the rigours of the prison. 


The first scientific effort at modernizing our prisons began in 1952, when the United Nations sent to India an expert, Dr. W.C. Reckless, under the U.N.Technical Assistance Programme.  He studied the conditions and produced an excellent report on the ‘Prison Administration in India’.  A conference of the Inspector General of Prisons was held in 1952 which made far reaching recommendations.  In 1957, the Government of India appointed an All India Jail Manual Committee which worked for three years and made various important recommendations, one of which was revision of States Prison Manuals on the basis of a Model Manual prepared by the Committee.

The Central Bureau of Correctional Services was set up under the Ministry of Home Affairs in 1961 to follow up the recommendations of the All India Jail Manual Committee, to collect information and statistics on a national basis, to exchange ideas with the various State Governments and with the U.N., and to undertake training, research, evaluation and encourage sound social defense policies and programmes within the country.

Several Committees have also been constituted by the Government of India to study and report about various aspects of prison reforms some of them are:

1.     Model prison Manual, 1960.

2.     Working group on prisons, 1972.

3.     All India Jail Reform Committee 1980-83.

4.     National Expert Committee on Women Prisoners, 1987.

5.     All India Model Prison Manual Committee, 2000.

6.     Parliamentary Committee on Empowerment of Women,2001-02.

At Central level, prisons are a part of the responsibility of the Ministry of Home Affairs while probation and Juvenile delinquency are looked after by the Department of Social Welfare.  At the State level, there is no uniform pattern.  Generally, an Inspector General of Prisons looks after the prison




          Prisons are an integral part of the Criminal Justice System and function as custodians of prisoners. While the purpose and justification of imprisonment is to protect the society against crime, retribution and punitive methods of treatment of prisoners alone are neither relevant nor desirable to achieve the goal of reformation and rehabilitation of prison inmates. The concept of Correction, Reformation and Rehabilitation has come to the foreground and the prison administration are now expected to also function as curative and correctional centers.

It is our endeavour to make the prisons Correctional Centers.  Our thrust, therefore, is on Reformation, Correction and Rehabilitation of the prison inmates and churn out reformed and better citizens from the prisons, who can lead a hon’ble and dignified life after their release.  We firmly believe that often crime is a creation of compelling circumstances, unsuitable environment and emotional disturbance resulting in impulsive reactions. 

          Our above objective and efforts cannot succeed 100% without the active cooperation, support and participation by the cross section of the Society for which it is equally necessary to educate them to give up their inhibition and accept prison inmates, after their release, with open arms and without any stigma attached to them.


Karnataka is one of the progressive states  where attempts have been made for reforming the Jail administration. We have made considerable strides towards achieving our objectives of Reformation , Correction and Rehabilitation of Prison inmates and transforming the prison into curative centers.




          The Karnataka state has a total of 100 prisons of various classification with an authorized capacity of 11290 male prisoners and 923 female prisoners totally 12213 prisoners.  Out of 100 prisons, the Central Prison Bijapur is the oldest date back to 1593 A.D. Constructed during the regime of Adil Shah. Ramanagara Sub Jail is of 18th Century. 1783 A.D. and 25 Jails are of 19th Century.



All Prisons situated in  Karnataka fall under the following classes:


v     Central Prisons(8),

v     District Prisons(13),

v     District Hq Sub Jails(4) ,

v     Special Sub Jails(2),

v     Taluka Sub Jails(70(29 under Department Control and 41 under Revenue Department Control)

v     Borstal School (1),

v     Juvenile Jail (1),

v     Open Air Jail(1).


Following categories of prisoners confined in Central Prisons:


Ø      Prisoners Sentenced to Death

Ø      Prisoners sentenced to life imprisonment of all classes

Ø      Prisoners sentenced to a term of imprisonment exceeding 10 years of all classes

Ø      Civil prisoners

Ø      Prisoners awaiting trail in local courts

Ø      Female prisoners

Ø      Military prisoners

Ø      Juvenile prisoners

Following categories of prisoners confined in District Prisons::


Ø      Prisoners of all classes sentenced to a term of imprisonment not exceeding or unexpired  portion of  sentence not exceeding 6 months

Ø      Female prisoners

Ø      Civil prisoners

Ø      Prisoners awaiting trial before local courts

Ø      Military prisoners

Ø      Juvenile prisoners


Following categories of prisoners confined in District Hq Sub Jails: Special Sub Jails: Taluka Sub Jails:


Ø      Prisoners sentenced to a term of imprisonment up to 3 months in case of headquarters sub jails and up to 15days in case of Taluka Sub – jails.

Ø      Female prisoners

Ø      Prisoners awaiting trial before the local courts

Ø      Civil prisoners




Following categories of prisoners confined in Juvenile Jail , Dharwad:


Ø      All Juvenile prisoners convicted by the Courts in the State whose term of imprisonment exceed 3 months shall be confined at the Juvenile Jail Dharwad.



          Prison Department is headed by  a  Addl. Director General of Police and Inspector General of Prisons, assisted  by two Deputy Inspector General of Prisons and  Gazetted Managers at the Head Quarters.  All the Central Prisons, District Prisons, District Head Quarters Sub-jails, Special Sub jails  and Taluka Sub Jails are managed by Departmental staff. Out of 70 Taluk sub jails, 29 under department control and 41are  under Revenue  control.



          Legislation pertaining to the management and administration of prisons in Karnataka is scattered in different Acts and Rules as follows:





Karnataka Prison Act,1963


Karnataka Prisoners  Act,1963


Borstal School Act,1963





Karnataka Prison Rules,1974


Borstal School Rules,1969




Karnataka Prison Manual,1978




          In Prison Department there are in all 2223 Posts existing in different cadres as on 30.9.2008  Out of them 1611posts are filled and 612 posts are vacant .




Details of Staff Sanctioned Strength, Working Strength and Vacancy  as on  31.3.2008 is as under


Sanctioned Strength

Working Strength


A Group




B Group




C Group




D Group










5. Modernization of Prisons Under Perspective Plan 2002-03 :


Central Government introduced a new non-plan scheme to be implemented over a period of five years 2002-03 to 2006-07 with an outlay of Rs.1800 crore on cost sharing basis in the ratio 75:25, the share of Central Government being 75% and that of the State Government 25% with effect from 2002-03.  The Financial allocation for Karnataka State, including the 25% State share for different components for five years period and the annual allocation for the Financial year 2002-03 to 2006-07 is as under:             

Component wise Allocations



(Rs. in crores)

1. Construction of additional jails to reduce overcrowding;


2. Repair and renovation of existing jails;


3. Improvement in sanitation and water supply; and


4. Living accommodation for Prison’s staff









Major works that are sanctioned  for implementation under the said  scheme :

1.     Construction of 11 new jails

2.     Repairs, renovations and expansions at 28 jails

3.     Improvements in water supply and sanitation at 12 jails,

4.     Construction of 456 Staff quarters taken up at 23 various locations,


Works completed:

Ø      Construction of 8 new jails has been completed

Ø      Works of Expansion, Repairs and Renovations at 22 jails have been completed

Ø      Works of Sanitation and Water Supply have been completed

Ø      Construction of 411 quarters have been completed.


Most of all Works are completed and an amount of Rs.5175.00 lakhs is being utilized up to the quarter ending as on 30.6.2008




          On the recommendation of the working group on prisons during 1972-73, the 4 southern states viz., Karnataka, Andhara Pradesh, Kerala and Tamil Nadu jointly established the Regional Institute of Correctional Administration(RICA)for Southern States at Vellore with effect from 1st October 1979 for imparting training to higher Executive staff Viz., Jailors, Chief Jailors, Assistant Superintendents, Probation Officers etc., There are 2 courses, one for 3 months and the other for 9 months. Karnataka state has 12 seats. So far, 89 officials /officers have undergone the 9 months course and 67 have undergone the 3 months training course and 70 have undergone short-term course. 


b) PRISON TRAINING INSTITUTE Mysuru.:-                    


The department established a Prison Training Institute (PTI) at Mysuru during the year 1976 for training the lower subordinates viz., warders and Head warders. The Institute is headed by a Principal and assisted by vice principal, Lecturers, Instructors etc. The duration of training is nine months. So far 35 batches have been trained in which there were 239 Head warders and 929 warders.




The daily average jail population during the past 3 years and average cost per prisoner are as under:



Avg. No. of Convicts

Avg. No.       of

Under trials

Average cost           per prisoner per annum

(In Rupees)

Avg.Adm. cost per prisoner per day

(In Rupees)

Avg  cost for food per day per prisoner

(in Rupees)
























Following are the measures incorporated in the jail daily routine to facilitate the inmates to correct, reform and thereafter rehabilitate themselves as good citizens on their release.


Vocational Training in various crafts of their choice


Training in modern techniques of Agriculture, Horticulture, and Sericulture, Sheep rearing, Dairy farming, Wormi-culture, Manufacture of Organic Manure, Nursery Seedlings


Wage earning scheme


Sports, games and cultural facilities


Reading room and library facilities


Interview, letter correspondence and remission system


Canteen facilities


Panchayat system


Temporary release facilities on parole and furlough


 Remission system and Premature release


We are also striving to make the prison inmates economically self -reliant through training them in  various vocational and trade crafts and bring out their latent skills. The following vocational training programmes have been incorporated in the jail daily routine :

For imparting training, the following industries are functioning.



Power loom and handlooms


Tailoring for men and women prisoners




Carpet making




Foot wear making


Tent making


Soap and phenyl manufacture


Black smithy and steel furniture making




Training in modern techniques of Agriculture, Horticulture, and Sericulture, Sheep rearing, Dairy farming, Wormiculture, Manufacture of Organic Manure, Nursery Seedlings, Pig raring


Soft Toy Making – for Women Prisoners


Fabric Painting for Women Prisoners


Wool Knitting, Embroidery,


Bread and Confectionaries making


Candle Making


Beautician course


Home Nursing and Mid wife Training




Manufacture of organic manure






           Since the majority of the prisoners are from agricultural background, more importance is given in imparting training in modern methods of agriculture and horticulture so that when they go back, they may be engaged in agriculture and horticultural activities for earning their livelihood. All the major jails have agricultural lands attached to them. They grow vegetables, jawar, cotton, paddy, sugar cane etc., Tractors and Tillers have been  provided to Central Prisons at Belgaum, Gulbarga and District Prison at Shimoga. Drip irrigation systems are also provided at Central Prison Gulbarga, Mysuru, Bijapur and Borstal School Dharwad under the scheme of Modernization of Prisons in Karnataka.

Agricultural income during the past four years is as under:

Year /lakhs











10.     OPEN AIR JAIL:


Another reformative measure is the establishment of an Open Air Jail at Koramangala Village, Devanahalli Taluk, Bangalore Rural District. This institution was established with a two fold objective viz., imparting training to inmates in Agriculture and Horticulture as a reformative measure with minimum guarding staff. To rehabilitate them in their original profession of Agriculture, horticulture, sericulture, sheep rearing, soil conservation and water utilization in irrigation.. Only well behaved long term prisoners are kept in this institution.            

Prisoners work here under minimum security .It has 113 acres of land.   The authorized accommodation of the Open Air Jail, Koramangala is 80. The present population is 32.



No restriction is imposed on prisoner in respect of reading materials: They are allowed to access material for their recreation or nurturing of their skills and development of personality including their capacity to pursue education while in jail.

In almost all the major jails and district jails including Open Air Jail, the library facilities have been provided for all categories of prisoners, adequately stocked with both recreational and instructional books. They can pursue their studies through open universities and classes are being conducted inside the prisons to educate the illiterate prisoners.   Starting from   1993-2000, totally 149 prisoners have enrolled for various courses through IGNOU (Indira Gandhi National Open University) and passed in the respective courses at the cost of Government.       

a) Higher Education:

            Prisoners are encouraged to pursue their education at Government cost through different open universities. 59 prisoners have enrolled for different higher education courses viz., B.A, M.A, Diploma in Journalism, Post Graduate Diploma in Business Administration from 2005 to 2007 and Rs 1,93,055.00 was  paid towards the fees.

b) Free Distance and Postal Education:


          Bangalore University has started a novel programme to impart formal education to prisoners in distance mode. The Directorate of Distance Education and correspondence courses of Bangalore university in association with prisons department has taken the responsibility of extending benefits of its different courses to 500 prisoners at free of cost. The university started the scheme in october 2006. They have implemented it in Bangalore, Belgaum, Gulbarga, Bellary and Bijapur.

In this programme prisoners may pursue their studies and enroll to different Graduation and post Graduation Courses.

          So far 351 prisoners have been enrolled to different Graduation and post-Graduation courses under this scheme. University will start communication programme at all central Prisons. So far 183 prisoners have attended the common entrance examination seeking admission to various courses.

            Apart from the above, they are also being provided daily newspapers, periodicals, magazines in all the regional language along with TV/Radio and World Space Radio for their recreation and as well as to link their mind with outside society.

c) Suvarna Akshara Andolana: Akshara Kalika Sibhira:


          In coordination with District Literacy Committee 18 day’s literacy camps was organized at Central Prison, Bangalore, Gulbarga, District Prison, Chamarajnagar and Tumkur.


d)Adult Education Programme :

          Adult Education Programme was organized at Central Prison, Mysuru under Social Responsibility Scheme and free slates, Chalks and Books are distributed.


e)English Teaching Camp: 

          English Learning classes have been organized for the benefit of inmates at Central Prison, Bangalore. 71 inmates have been trained in the first phase. 




The inmates are provided with the facilities for indoor and outdoor games like Chess, Carrom, Cricket,Volleyball, Khabaddi, kho-kho etc,. They are facilitated to enact dramas and conduct cultural programmes on special occasions like Ganesha Festival, Kannada Rajyosatava etc.,Yoga, meditation classes, Pranic Healing, Art of Living classes are also being conducted for the benefit prison inmates




          As per the Government Order No:  HD 37 PRA 96, Dated: 22-1-99 wage rates of prisoner have been enhanced to:

Rs. 35.00*            -- unskilled prisoner

Rs. 40.00*            -- skilled prisoner

Rs. 45.00 *           -- highly skilled prisoner

* Note: the above amount is inclusive of Rs25/- towards food and clothing.

The wage-earning scheme will facilitate prisoners to accumulate the sizable amount in their account during their stay in the prisons.  This will help them to rehabilitate after their discharge from the prison.  Prisoners can spend their earnings on purchase of writing materials, payment of fine, to meet the expenses on their legal obligations and to purchase the essentials in the jail canteen.

Wages earned by prisoners during the last five years are as under:



Wages Paid                 ( Lakhs)























Canteen Facilities are also available to the inmates in Central and District jails and in Borstal School, Dharwad to buy articles like Postages, stationery materials, sweets, tooth pastes, fried gramdhall, puffed rice, etc.,. Eatables are also made available along with tea and coffee. They are permitted to spend from their wages or private cash lodged with prison authorities.






a). Consideration of Premature Release of Prisoners:-

Advisory Boards have been constituted in all the Central jails for considering premature release of long-term prisoners. The Karnataka Government has prematurely released 1015-life term prisoners including 45 female prisoners form 1999-2000 to till date on different occasions.

The details of premature release during the past seven years are as under:


No. of prisoners released





Date of Release





Celebration of Golden Jubilee Indian Independence on 15-8-98







Celebration of Golden Jubilee Indian Republic day on   26-1-2000







54th year of Indian Independence Celebration on 15-8-2001







Gandhi Jayanthi Celebration on 2-10-2002






Republic day Celebration on 26-1-2004






Republic day Celebration






Independence Day Celebration






Republic day Celebration





Independence Day Celebration













Every prisoner on admission is subjected to detailed medical examination and classification according to prevailing Rules . Every prisoner is entitled to free healthcare special treatment, dental / eye care and sick prisoners are being treated regularly.



Proper accommodation is being provided with proper ventilation, sufficient space and with good lighting system. Solar water heater facilities are made available in almost all major jails for the usage of female prisoners and sick prisoners to get hot water for their bath, etc.



Every prisoner is provided with proper clothing and bedding, utensils according to prescribed scale.  They are also provided soap, oil every week. 

DIET : Nutritious food is being served as per prescribed scale depending upon food habits of the prisoner.  A balanced diet is prescribed for the prisoners.  The scale of diet prescribed for the U.T. prisoners is less than the scale prescribed for the convicts.  This is because the undertrial prisoners don’t work where as convicts work and they need more calories.  Different varities of breakfast* and Coffee are given for breakfast.  Ragi balls or Jowar or Wheat chapattis and rice with sambar are given for the prisoners for mid-day and evening meals.  In addition to the above items, buttermilk is also given for supper.  Food is prepared by the prisoners in the prison kitchen under the supervision of prisoner Panchas and Warders.




*Different Varieties of Break fast: Government is pleased to sanction issue of different varieties of breakfast on all days of the week  instead of  uppittu everyday. The quantity of breakfast to be issued is increased from 180 grams to 250 grams. The details of different varieties of breakfast  issued daily is as follows:-

Monday-                Uppittu

Tuesday-               Avalakki (Beaten Rice)

Wednesday-          Chitranna (Lemon Rice)

Thursday-             Vegetable Palav

Friday-                  Uppittu

Saturday-              Avalakki

Sunday-                Puliyogare (Tamarind Rice)


Saviyoota : Perhaps for the first time in the country, prisoner’s food is being outsourced. Prison Department partially entrusted the work of providing  food through the Akshaya Patra Foundation- ISKCON Bangalore. To this effect a memorandum of understanding  is being entered into between the Prisons Department and the Akshaya Patra Foundation, Bangalore as per which the foundation will supply the required  quantity of Rice, Sambar and Butter milk for lunch and Rice and Sambar for evening meals to all prisoners at Central Prison, Bangalore as per the Scale mentioned in the Karnataka Prison Manual 1978. The expenditure incurred by the Prisons Department worked out on the basis of the rates prevailing during 2006-07 will be reimbursed to Akshaya Patra Foundation on a monthly basis.

The Department feels that the launch of ‘ Saviyoota’- literally meaning      “ tasty food” in Kannada will usher in an era of tastier, cleaner and mere nutritious food to prisoners.

This facility will be extended to other remaining Central Prisons of Karnataka.

Mutton without bones is given once in a week and for those who are vegetarian, basin laddu sweet is given.  On medical advise special diet such as Milk, Eggs, Fruits and Bread etc. are issued.  On festivals special feeding at the rate of Rs.3/- per prisoner is also issued.  If the under trial prisoners do not want to take food supplied by the prison they may arrange to get food from out side from their relatives or friends with the permission of the Superintendent.  Convicted Prisoners do not have this facility.  They have to take the food supplied by the prison.


v     Vocational training in different trades is one of the important reformative measures to rehabilitate the prisoner for their post prison life. There are allowed to participate in recreational activities, Yoga classes and indoor and outdoor sports


v     The Wage-earning scheme will facilitate prisoners to accumulate the sizable amount in their account during their stay in the prisons.  This will help their rehabilitation after their discharge from the prison


v     Every illiterate prisoner is being advised to undergo literacy through adult education programmes and literate prisoners are allowed to persue higher studies, and they have access  to the prison library.

v     Every prisoner is entitled to free healthcare special treatment, dental / eye care and sick prisoners are being treated regularly

v     Every prisoner is allowed to observe the tenets of this religion, and attend religious functions and prayers.  

v     Prisoners are entitled to free legal assistance, appeal and petition, to the concerned courts and are allowed to delegate powers of attorney to settle property, land, civil suits, business etc., and execute their will.

v     Every prisoner is allowed to communicate with outside world through letters and periodical interviews with their legal advisors, family members and friends.

v     Prison Panchayat is system, which offers principles of democracy in the prison among the prisoners.

v     The Parole and Furlough are the incentives provided to the prisoners to meet kin and kith, and to rebuild conducive atmosphere for their post prison life.


Details of release on Parole and Furlough during last 5 years are as follows:



No. of Prisoners released on Parole


No. of Prisoners released on Furlough





















( up to September2008







v     Remission system Rules made under Section 63(2) (e) of the Karnataka Prisons Act, 1963 to regularize the Shortening of sentence by the grant of remission.





          Karnataka state has a total number of 100 prisons of various classification with an authorized capacity of 12213. Out of which 11290 for male  and 993 for female  prisoners. As on 30.9.2008 there are 534 women prisoners in various jails of the State. Out of them 166Convicts, 354 Undertrials and 14NDPS.

          There are 25 (12 Male+ 13 Female) children’s below the age of 6 years along with their mother prisoners in this state. 


Central Prison for Women:   A separate central prison for women prisoners has been started in the state and it is yet to start functioning.


(b)  DIET:

The female prisoners are being served cooked nutritious food as per the scale prescribed in the Prison Manual and Rules.  The children of women prisoners are being served food on the scale recommended by the Medical Officer depending upon their age. On festival days female prisoners are being served with special extra diet


The female prisoners have been provided with adequate and sufficient medical facilities and treatment with suitable medical diet to be served to the sick prisoners on the recommendation of the medical officer. The sick prisoners needing higher investigation, treatment and surgery are being referred to higher medical centers for specialized treatment. 

          In District, District Hq Sub Jails the District Surgeon and in Taluka Sub jails local Medical Officers are taking care of health aspects of the female prisoners by periodical visit to the concerned jails. In Major Jails minilabs, Urinary Analysis kits, Ophthalmic Scopes, X-ray and ECG machines are set up for better medical treatment of sick female prisoners. Ambulance vans are also being provided to the major jails to the take serious sick prisoners to the out side hospitals round the clock.     

Non Governmental organizations are doing yeoman service in augmenting the health services in prisons in recent years.




            Training in Knitting, Tailoring, Embroidery, Basket making, Dress designing, Fabric Painting, Candle Making, Agarbatti manufacturing, bag making, bakery products making, leaf cup making, Midwife and Home Nursing Training etc., are given by the jail authorities in association with Non Governmental organizations.       Sewing machines have been issued to jails under modernization of prison administration.


In coordination with the District Legal Service Authorities, Free Legal Aid Camps have been organized regularly in all the jails to create legal awareness among the prison inmates and also to assist them to defend their cases in the respective Courts.

           With a view to provide Legal Service to the prison inmates, a Legal Service Center has been started at Central Prison, Bangalore in association with Karnataka State Legal Service Authority, District Legal Service Authority, Bangalore Rural, Bangalore Advocates Association.


Counseling is done by NGOs both individually and in groups, allowing prisoners to bring out their pent up feeling of anger and hatred, enable them to accept the realities of their present situation in life, giving them hope and courage to face the challenges of future.


Periodical meditation courses, cultural programmes, recreation through TV/ Radio, etc., legal aid to the needy prisoners, better toilets, Hygiene facilities in the barracks, providing hot water, separate kitchen to cook their food. Literacy programmes, crèches to the children of women prisoners in coordination with the NGO are some of the important reformative measures adopted by the Department for improving the living conditions of prisoners. Prisoners are also trained in theatre art and also encouraged to stage dramas.  World Space Radios have also been installed at Central Prison, Bangalore, Mysuru, District HQ Sub-jails, Kolar, Tumkur, Hassan, Mandya and Open Air Jail, Koramangala and it is proposed to extend the facilities to all the remaining jails upto Special Sub-jails.


Lonely life behind bars dissipates human creativity and enthusiasm for engaging oneself in creative activity. Such a scenario makes our efforts to reform the prisoners is more onerous and challenging. In order to overcome this and enthuse the prison inmates and emotionally reform the inmates through the media of theatre and also provide opportunity to public to view the prison inmates differently, enactment of a famous drama ‘ Madhavi’, written by well known Play Wright Late Sri Bhisma Sahani, by the inmates of Central Prison Mysuru and Bangalore, was staged at Karnataka Exhibition Center, Mysuru a galaxy of Play Wrights, Art Critics viewed the drama along with the public. The enactment of drama and the talent of prison inmates was highly appreciated.  The Drama ‘Kurushetra’ by the inmates of Central Prison, Bangalore staged at ADA Kalamandira, Bangalore and ‘ Taledanda’ by the inmates of Central Prison Mysuru was staged at Kalamandira, Mysuru and Ravindra Kalashetra, Mysuru and at the World famous Bhagvan Bahubali Mahamastakabisheka at Sharavana Belagola, Hassan District.  Recently a drama on ‘ Kasturi Ba’ was enacted by the inmates of Central Prison Bangalore and Mysuru at the prestigious theatre of Bangalore.



Karnataka is  one of the pioneers to introduce  production of UTPs  through the Video Conferencing System presently installed at 6 Central prisons i.,e Central Prison Bangalore, Belgaum, Bellary, Bijapur, Mysuru and Dharwad and respective Courts.


Objective:   The Video Conferencing System is to dispense with the need of physically producing the under -trials in Courts for adjournments and/ or extension of their judicial remand. This system speeds up the trials, avoids problems of non-production of undertrials, prevents escapes, and reduces the expenditures and overcrowding of undertrials in prisons.

          From the date of inception of the Video Conferencing facilities at the above jails i.e., from April 2003 up to August 2007, 1,19,722 undertrial prisoners were produced before the Courts thus effecting savings of  about Rs.2,33,25443.00.


Extension of video conferencing :  In the second phase, installation of the video conferencing facility has been already taken up at 12 locations i.e., 8 district prisons and 4 district hq Sub Jails and the concerned courts and works are under final stages of completion.


20. RECRUITMENT OF JAILORS AND WARDERS:   To over come the shortage of the executive staff, as per the Government Notification No:  E4:CR: 60:2007 dated 19.2.2007, department has  completed the process of recruitment for the posts of 11 jailors and 260 warders. The appointment orders will be issued as soon as verification reports are received from various agencies.




1.     Launch of ‘ New Meal Scheme : ‘Saviyoota’  :

Perhaps for the first time in the country, prisoner’s food is being outsourced. Prison Department partially entrusted the work of providing  food through the Akshaya Patra Foundation- ISKCON Bangalore. To this effect a memorandum of understanding  is being entered into between the Prisons Department and the Akshaya Patra Foundation, Bangalore as per which the foundation will supply the required  quantity of Rice, Sambar and Butter milk for lunch and Rice and Sambar for evening

Meals to all prisoners at Central Prison, Bangalore as per the Scale mentioned in the Karnataka Prison Manual 1978. The expenditure incurred by the Prisons Department worked out on the basis of the rates prevailing during 2006-07 will be reimbursed to Akshaya Patra Foundation on a monthly basis.

The Department feels that the launch of ‘ Saviyoota’- literally meaning      “ tasty food” in Kannada will usher in an era of tastier, cleaner and mere nutritious food to prisoners.

This facility will be extended to other remaining Central Prisons of Karnataka.


2.          Varieties of Break fast  to the prisoners

Government is pleased to sanction issue of different varieties of breakfast on all days of the week instead of  uppittu everyday. The quantity of breakfast to be issued is increased from 180 grams to 250 grams. The details of different varieties of breakfast  issued daily is as follows:-

Monday-               Uppittu

Tuesday-               Avalakki ( Beaten Rice)

Wednesday-                   Chitranna ( Lime Rice)

Thursday-             Vegetable Palav

Friday-                  Uppittu

Saturday-             Avalakki

Sunday-               Puliyogare ( Tamarind Rice)

3.    Telephone Facility to the inmates of all Central Prisons,

Another first, Telephone facility for the inmates has been provided to the inmates at Central Prison, Bangalore, Mysuru, Belgaum, Bellary, Bijapur, Gulbarga. Now prisoners may communicate to their kith and kin, friends and advocates, through the telephone booths advisors once in a week for five minutes.


4.          VCTC center at Central Prison, Bangalore : 

The HIV/AIDS epidemic in shifting its epicenter towards prisons gradually. The Anonymous Surveillance report discloses nearly 6to 7% of the prison population are semantically affected by HIV infections, with the virus moving beyond prison premises with high risk behaviour to the general population. The National Aids Control Programme(NACP II) which is started in 1997 focusing on the targeted interventions(TIS) for marginalized vulnerable groups as one of its component was initiated to prevent further spread of the epidemic.

HIV/AIDS infection is one of the most serious public health problem. Awareness among the prison staff and prisoners is most essential in the present scenario.    

This epidemic throwing threat to the health and lives in particular and it is likely to undermine the overall socio-economic development due to high prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Diseases(STDs). There are different types of epidemic with low, medium and high prevalence distributed in different prisons. There is a need to utilize prevailing window opportunity to prevent HIV infection and to strengthen targeted interventions rigously..

The Karnataka AIDS Prevention Society, Karnataka Health Promotion Trust and some of the NGO’s like Samraksha, Karnataka Network for people living with HIV/AIDS, Coustella Future Group, are motivating with its several programmes to prevent and treat the epidemic patients. Simultaneously creating awareness among the public is of their prime objective.

HIV/AIDS is a major challenge in prisons. The dream of Karnataka Prisons Department was realized on 2.7.2007 when a Voluntary Counselling and Testing Centre (VCTC) was inaugurated  at the prison hospital at Central Prison, Parappana Agrahara, Bangalore. The VC/TC is complete with all equipments, viz., testing kits, Refrigerator,Centrifuge,  a counselor and a lab technician, courtesy by Karnataka State AIDS Prevention Society (KSAPS), Bangalore. As on 30.9.2007, as many as  854 prisoners have been tested for HIV and  27     males and   5 females have been found to be HIV+ve (3.74%)


5.           Free Tooth Powder and Bathing Soaps to the Prisoners:

In order to ensure greater dental and general hygiene of prisoners, the Government of Karnataka is pleased to sanction issue of tooth powder and bathing soap to the prisoners at Government cost. The Government order has been issued on 5.9.2007, as per which, each prisoner is entitled to receive 50 grams of toothpowder at the cost of Rs12 per month and 150 grams of bathing soap at the cost of Rs 17 per month. The expenditure per year works out to Rs.43, 05,108.00


6.           Reddressal of Prisoners Grievances: Introduction of  Petition Boxes at various prisons in Karnataka :

Prisoners have been provided an opportunity to put forth their grievances in grievance boxes at various jails in Karnataka in co-ordination of the Karnataka Legal Services Authority.


7.           Inter Departmental Seminar on Correction , Reformation and Rehabilitation of Prisoners:

For the first time in the Department, A One day inter-departmental seminar on ‘Correction, Reformation and Rehabilitation of Prisoners’ was organized on 28.9.2006 at Bangalore. Representatives of Karnataka State Legal Services Authority, RDPR, Woman and Child Welfare Department, SC/ST, Minorities and Backward Class and Community  Development Corporation, Department of Prosecution and Government Litigation, Department of Mass Education, Health and Family Welfare Department, Police Department, Kempegowda Institute of Medical Sciences, Bowring and Lady Curzon Hospital, Officers of Prisons Department,  Karnataka Rural Water, Supply and Sanitation Agency, Advocates, NGO’s, Chair Person, Karnataka State Council for Child Welfare and Chair Person, Human Rights Law Network, participated and shared their views on  various subjects.



8.          Rehabilitation of released inmates :

          Karnataka State Government was pleased to order for premature release of 309 well behaved convict prisoners on the occasion of Suvarna Karnataka on 15.8.2006. Out of the 309 prisoners,251 prisoners have been identified by the  SC & ST Development Corporation Ltd, Backward Classes Development Corporation Ltd and Minority Development Corporation Limited for granting them the financial assistances under different schemes and facilitate them  to be economically self reliant in their post released life. Out of the 251 prisoners, 106prisoners have been sanctioned loans amounting to Rs.22,73,455.00 as detailed below:

Name of the Corporation

No. of Beneficiaries

Total Loan Amount Sanctioned

1. Karnataka Minorities Development Corporation LTD



2. D DevRaj Urs Backward Classes Development Corporation Ltd



3. Dr B R Ambedkar Development Corporation Ltd


Rs 5,73,200.00




3 female prisoners who have been released prematurely has got appointment as Anganwadi Workers and Assistants.



9.          Justice at Jails : Lok Adalath camps at Prisons :

With a view to provide quick justice and relief to the undertrial prisoners in the jails Lok Adalath Camps are being organized in coordination with the judiciary to dispose of the petty cases. During the year under 107 cases of the prisoners have been disposed and released 22 prisoners. 





10.      Special Facilities to Women Prisoners and Children along with them:

Hon’ble Supreme Court of India while disposing of Writ Petition(Civil) 559/94 RD Upadhaya  vs Andra Pradesh Government  and others has given remarkable judgment in treatment of women prisoners  and children along with them. As per the guidelines issued by the Hon’ble Supreme Court, Government of Karnataka has amended Rule 86 of Karnataka Prison Rules 1974 and incorporated detailed instructions for providing of diet, clothing to the children of age group  0-3  years and 3-6 years and also special diet and extra clothing to the pregnant and lactating women prisoners. Diet and clothing articles for the children of age group 0- 6 years viz., Stainless Steel Glass, Stainless Steel Bowl with covering  plate, Stainless Steel Plate, Stainless Steel Spoons, Stainless milk feeding spoon, 500 ml water container with lid , cotton nappy pads, sweater with socks, rubber sheet, washable children bed, mosquito net, baby powder, brush, soap, toys etc.,.


11.      Establishment of Crèches and Nurseries in the prison premises:

Crèches and Nurseries were established in all the jails of state for the children with


12.      Reduction in Parole Security Deposit amount:

In order to ensure that the underprivileged and marginalized do not face financial constraints in offering surety and bail for paroles, proposals have been submitted to the Government to relax parole provisions by making it one surety and Rs.1,000/- instead of two sureties and Rs.3,000/- prevailing at present.


13.      Procurement of Medicines:   

          As the Prison Hospitals are experiencing serious shortage of medicines efforts have been made to obtain supplies of surplus and short expiry medicines direct from the manufacturers free of cost as a goodwill gesture


14.      Construction of Court Buildings at Prison Premises:

            Government had agreed and was actively considering the construction of court buildings and setting up of courts, ranging between 1 and 4 courts, next to the prison premises, initially at the Central Prisons and later up to district level prisons.


15.     Multi Point Video Conferencing System:


A multipoint Video Conferencing System,  is one of the new initiative in the country, was installed at the City Court Complex, Bangalore on 20.2.2008   and was inaugurated by Hon’ble Chief Justice of Karnataka High Court. The multipoint Video Conferencing will enable courts to try Fake Stamp Paper kingpin Telgi case across Pune, Delhi, Chennai and Mysuru through Video Conferencing.


16.      Literacy Camps at prisons  in coordination with District Literacy Committees.


17.     Alcohol and Narcotic Drugs de-addiction programmes have organised at Central Prison, Bangalore and Mysuru for the benefit of prison inmates in association with Narcotic Anonymous World Services.

18.     Eco-friendly Toilets: In order overcome shortage of the problem of urinals and latrines at Central Prison, Bangalore owing to overcrowding, Prisons Department under the aegis of UNICEF and RDPR with sharing grants of Rs.2.00 lakh and 3.20 lakh respectively has constructed 27 eco friendly Urinals and 27 eco friendly Latrines. Prisoners under the supervision of engineers from RDPR constructed these toilets.

19.     Training for Superintendents and Medical officers: in co-ordination with the NIMHANS, alcohol and drug de-addiction programme was organized. 


20.     Mental Health Care in Prisons:

  A study titled Mental Health Care in Prisons has been undertaken for the first time in India , at central prison , Bangalore . The study has been funded by the Karnataka State Legal Services Authority and conducted by experts from NIMHANS. The study will pave the way for training of prison personnel.

21.     Dental Clinic at Central Prison:

Two dental chairs installed at the Hospital at Central Prison, Bangalore in order to facilitate dental treatment of inmates of the prison at the prison hospital instead of sending them to the Government Dental Hospital.


22.     Workshop on Juvenile Justice Act:

In order to sentisize the officers and staff of the prison department regarding the provisions of Juvenile Justice Act a one day workshop was organized by involving officers of the prison department and other stake holders viz., Department of Women and Child Development, Police,  Judiciary,  Judicial Justice Board, Child Activists, NGO and CHRI and the workshop was inaugurated by Executive Chairman Karnataka State Legal Services Authority and Judge , High Court of Karnataka.


23.     Refurbishing of  Wheel Chairs :

Provision Asia an NGO has tied up with Karnataka Prison Department and the wheel chairs received  from USA are sent to Central Prison, Bangalore. The inmates at Central Prison refurbish the wheel chairs, who are specially trained by a team from USA, at the prison work shed and later distributed to the deserving physically challenged people. All the required  tools and accessories are provided by the provision Asia  apart from paying wages for their labour. An Mou to this effect has been entered into between the prison department, Karnataka and  provision Asia. Among the countries to which wheel chairs are sent from USA, it is only in USA, Poland and India( Bangalore) where the job of refurbishing the wheel chairs is done in a prison establishment.

24.     Prisons News Letter:

We have started the monthly Karnataka Prisons News Letter, since October 2004, with a wide circulation.  Among others, the aims of this News Letter are to bring in transparency in the prison administration inform the Society of our endeavours, activities and successes and also to appeal to the Cross-section of people to come forward and involve themselves in the process of reformation and rehabilitation of the prison inmates for a better life in future.  The underlying objective is to impress upon the people the Gandhian Philosophy of ‘hate the sin and not the sinner’.  Prison inmates are encouraged to contribute their articles/poems for this News Letter.  The task is uphill but there is no let up in our determination to take a small humble step towards the bigger goals.










Staff Welfare Programmes:

1.                 AROGYA BHAGYA Scheme:

          The Government of Karnataka has recently approved our proposal for  Arogya Bhagya Scheme’, a Comprehensive Medical Insurance Scheme, for the benefit of  Officers and  Staff of the Prisons Department. Under this scheme, the members and their spouse and children (below 21 years) will be eligible for immediate medical assistance and   emergency medical treatment as in patient at enlisted hospitals


2.                Karnataka Prisons Staff Benevolent Fund: 

Considering the risky working condition of prison staff and officers and to help them  and their family,  we have formulated Karnataka Prisons Staff Welfare Fund with an objective to give financial assistance to the staff members within the frame work of the Rules, members


3.                Issue of Commendation Certificates:

Those officials & Staff of the Department who were discharging their duties efficiently and concluding a special assignment assigned  are being encouraged with the issue of a Commendation of Certificate for their Commendable work, which will in turn boost their morale and confidence. 


4.                30 days Leave Salary to Prison Executive Staff :

The Government of Karnataka is pleased to sanction 30 days leave salary in lieu of 15 days leave salary to the executive staff of Prison Department for working on gazetted holidays. The Government order to this effect has been issued on 12.9.2007.This is one of the positive steps taken by the Government to improve the morale and working  condition of prison staff and to bring them on par with police personnel who have been enjoying this facility already. This incentive will go a long way in encouraging them to serve the Department with greater  enthusiasm.




Ø      Remission System

Ø      Yoga and Meditation courses for the Prisoners with the help of NGO’s , Charitable Trust, Religious leaders and Institutions.

Ø      Moral lectures / discourses conducted by spiritual leaders of various organizations.

Ø      Art of Living Courses

Ø      Pranic Healing courses

Ø      Religious discourses

Ø      Adult Education classes-

Ø      Providing opportunity to the inmates to continue their education through various open universities ex. IGNOU, KSOU etc.,

Ø      Facility for indoor and outdoor games

Ø      Library facilities 

Ø      Television facilities

Ø      Premature release of well behaved life imprisonment convict prisoners

Ø      Wage earning Scheme

Ø      Vocational training in different trade craft for both convicted (Male  &Female)

Ø      Canteen facilities

Ø      Health camps-Eye, Skin, Dental, Cardiac, HIV/ AIDS, General Health Check Camps.

Ø      Counseling sessions both individuals and in groups

Ø      Legal Assistance, Legal Awareness programmes

Ø      Lok Adalath camps

Ø      Creche and Nursery facilities for the children accompanying women inmates

Ø      Arogya Bhagya Scheme

Ø      Staff Benevolent Fund

Ø      Video Conferencing Facility

Ø      CCTV Facility

Ø      Pay Telephone Facility

Ø      Interviews with relatives, friends and Advocates

Ø      Prisoners Panchayat System

Ø      Special Courts at Prison Premises

Ø      Metal Detectors – Doorframe and Hand Held.

Ø      Walkie Talkie and High Frequency wireless sets

Ø      Introduction of World Space Radio for the entertainment of prison inmates.

Ø      New Meal scheme –‘Saviyoota’ by Akshaya Patra Foundation – ISKCON- to the prisoners of Central Prison, Bangalore

Ø      Issue of Varieties of Breakfast

Ø      VCTC centre, Central Prison, Bangalore

Ø      Free Tooth Powder and Bathing Soaps to prisoners

Ø      Installation of grievance boxes

Ø      Inter departmental seminar on ‘Correction, Reformation and Rehabilitation of Prisoners’

Ø      Rehabilitation of Prematurely released convict – financial assistance by – D. Devraj Urs Backward Classes Development Corporation Ltd., Karnataka Minorities Development Corporation Ltd, Dr.B.R. Ambedkar Development Corporation Ltd

Ø      Speedy disposal of cases through Lok Adalath Camps

Ø      Implementation of guidelines issued by Hon’ble Supreme court in Writ Petition No: 559/94 between R.D. Updhaya vs Andra Pradesh Government and others- treatment of women –lactating and pregnant and children’s of women prisoners.

a)      Extra Nutritious food to the Lactating and Pregnant women prisoners

b)      Extra clothing to the women prisoners

c)       Nutritious diet to the children’s with women prisoners of age group 0-6 years.

d)      Issue of clothing , bedding and utensils etc to the children’s with women prisoners

e)      Amendment to the Rule 86 of Karnataka Prison Rules 1974

f)        Incorporation of a new chapter-  for treatment of Children and Pregnant and Lactating Women Prisoners in Karnataka Prison Manual 1978.


Ø      Reduction of Parole Security deposit amount from Rs6000- to Rs1000.

Ø            Procurement of free medicines from the Drug Manufacturers & whole sale drug distributors

Ø            Construction of eco friendly toilets at Central Prison , Bangalore

Ø            Awareness programmes on Alcohol and Narcotic Drugs and Drugs De-addiction  for the prisoners












Proposed Works :


1.     Perspective Plan Phase II :


Following works have been proposed  under Perspective Plan  Phase-II & a proposal in this regard has been submitted to Central Government.

Ø      Construction of 2 Separate Annex at Central prison, Bangalore

Ø      Construction of 6 Female jails

Ø      Construction of one new open air jail

Ø      Construction of 5 taluka sub jails

Ø      Repair, Renovations at 7 Central jails, 1 Women Central Prison, 12 District Prisons, 3 District Hq Sub Jails, 14 Taluka Sub Jails, 1 Special Subjail and open air jail.


Ø      Solid waste  Management facilities at all Central Prisons.



Ø      Construction of Modest Multi purpose auditoria for screening films for induction into prison, equipped with LCD projector , screen etc.,


Ø      Improvements to water supply and sanitation at 7 central prisons and 7 taluka sub jails


Ø      Construction of  1468 quarters to various ranks of officers and staff

Ø    Technology and other equipments required for improving infrastructure in respect of Security , communication, mobility, modernizing and upgrading kitchens , water treatment plant and general administration at various prisons.


Proposed Works under State Plan scheme

Ø      Construction of Video Conferencing Studio at Central Prison Bangalore at an estimated cost of Rs 53.00 Lakhs

Ø      Renovation of Video Conferencing Studio at District Hq Sub Jail Hassan at an estimated cost of Rs 5.80

Ø      It is proposed to install  Mobile Jammers, CCTV, Computers, Xerox Machines, X- Ray Baggage, Deep Search Metal Detectors in the remaining amount.





Contact Information:

1) Mr.G.Veerabadhra Swamy           2) Dr.Anitha . R

    Chief Superintendent,                     Assistant Superintendent

    Central Prison ,                                and Public Information Officer.

    Ashoka Road ,                                  Central Prison , Ashoka Road,

    Mysuru – 7                                       Mysuru-7.



Phone No:  +91 821  2492089

Fax.No    :  +91 821  2492092

E-MAIL: chiefsupdtmys[at]rediffmail[dot]com